首页书香校园 › 14.立陶宛共和国(Republic of Lithuania)语轻便句、并列句、复合句拆解剖析

14.立陶宛共和国(Republic of Lithuania)语轻便句、并列句、复合句拆解剖析

  2. 原因状语从句:since指引的

c. as 引导非节制性定语从句时与which的界别

(3) As rain has fallen, the air is cooler.

三、写出下列句子的同义词,每空风华正茂词。

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:


非约束性定语从句:从句与先行词关系不细瞧,去掉定从句,意思依旧安然依旧。情势上用逗号隔离,不可能that用携带。比如:His
movie won several awards at the film festival, which was beyond his
wildest dream. (去掉定语从句,主句的意味仍完整)

(男童后天将指点)He lay on the bed with the bedroom door
shut.(寝室被关着)

Jim’s mother________ let him watchTV_______ he finished
his homework.

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然大家把装有资料都打算好了,大家相应马上发轫那项新的劳作。

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

I remember doing the exercise.

  1. ----What would some students like to do after finishing their
    education?

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

① 在以下三种主语从句中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”,
should可粗略。

他七年前以旅客之处来过中华。

4)先行词中既有人又有物时。

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词前边,作介词的宾语。

指标状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

③在allow, advise, forbid, permit
等动词后平昔跟动词作宾语时,要用Ving方式,假诺前边盛名词或代词作者宾语,然后在跟动词作者宾语补足语时,其宾语补足语用带to的不定式。

作主语

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,能够象征须要,日常意味着说话人的不适或不满。

②在so/such...that.。.结果状语从句中,so+形容词/副词或such+名词置于句首时,主句采取局地倒装语序。比方:

她迟到了,那是常事的事。

3)超过行词被the only, the very, the just等修饰时。

  4.it格局宾语:和it 作情势主语相仿,  我们常用it 来作格局宾语,
把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种地方更是出未来带复合宾语的句子中。

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

6、Without anything left in the cupboard, she went out to get something
to eat.

  1. Thisis the room in ____Chairman Mao lived.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
笔者后悔不应该浪费这么多日子。( 实际暮春经浪费掉了。) 

结果状语从句: so that (结果是), so/such…that (如此……以致于)。

  1. 下列动词前面常常要用动词-ing格局作宾语。 enjoy, finish, stop, mind,
    suggest, practise, excuse(原 谅),appreciate, keep, risk(冒险), consider,
    admit, miss(错失), imagine, avoid(制止), delay(推迟) resist, cannot
    help等。

  2. 在need, want, require, be worth 等动词(短语)前面常用动词  
     -ing的积极方式表示被动意义。

He worked hard______ _______ ______ make moremoney.

  (2)在否定句或难题句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。


表示“现在”意义的条件、时间和妥洽状语从句中多用平常未来时,而主句用日常今后时,被堪称“主将从现”。比方:汤姆won’t go to sleep unless his mother tells him a story。

自个儿必得记着做那件事。

*Though, although与but 不能够况且出今后三个句子中

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

由于延续代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,因此从句中谓语不用难点语序。连接代词与连接副词在从句当做句子成分,而连续几日词whether
和if(是或不是),在从句中不担负句子元素,只起接连作用。

比方: There is no stopping of him. 无法阻挡他。

3) why 在句中作状语,表示原因。

  8. 缘由状从:as 的用法。例句:The 新加坡 passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

(5)状语从句的大致

(with+名词+今后分词 ,作陪伴状语)

  1. ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

2.状语从句:

With结构在句中也能够作定语

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
唯有努力、正直,壹个人在生活中技艺学有所成。 

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as
John。

He stopped to talk.

(1)辅导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中时时省略)

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  小编期望你安然一些。 

  1. 名词性从句

一、as的用法

常用的连接词有:

  3.wish指点的设想语气:wish
后边的从句,今世表与事实相反的气象,或意味着现在不太恐怕达成的希望时,其宾语从句的动词情势为: 

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

用作名词时,表达主语的剧情,就此提问时,用what ;

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough
forhim to buy.

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

③ 关系代词as的用法

三、 动词-ing情势作表语(常指主语的情节、状态或性质等)。

  1. Thisis the most interesting book____ I’ve read before.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

①用that而不用 which的状态:先行词为不定代词all, anything, nothing,
much…;先行词有参天级修饰,有序数词修饰;先行词有only, very,
any等词修饰;先行词既有人又有物时。比如:There is nothing that can
prevent him from doing it。

例如:

He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing
football.

  3.定语从句 who辅导的限制性定从。例句:

正如状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……)
辅导。

He has a reading room. 他有三个书屋。

15.August 1. 1927 was the day ____ the PLA was founded.

  6.状语从句轻巧(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语生龙活虎致,状从轻便选取分词作者状语。例句:

The man who lives downstairs makes it a rule to run in the park in the
morning。

  1. Having good table manners means knowing how to use knives and forks,
    when to drink a toast and how to behave at the table.

  2. Do you prefer living in the zoo or living in the jungle?

  3. I really can’t understand you treating her like that.

That’ssuch an interesting story that everybody likes it.

  语法知识点1

原因状语从句:because, since, as, now that。

The man standing by the window is our teacher. Many frightened people
rushed out of the burning building.  

a. so b. or c. but d. for

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的三个句子成为并列句。

  1. 定语从句

(1) She is late, as is often the case.

并称句:几个或八个以上的简便句,用连词连接起来。

  2.only指导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

代表转会关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

4.as作波及代词的用法

4.缘故状语从句

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前面贰个意况适用于后世”。例句:

Though lacking money, his parents managed to send him to university。

例如:

目标状语从句常用的辅导词有so that, in order that 等àin order to 轻易句

  ⑶代表对现在的不合理愿望:谓语动词情势为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在此种景况下,主句的主语与从句的主语无法长久以来,因为主句的主语所企望的从句动作能还是不可能达成,决议于从句主语的态势或希望(非动作名词除了那些之外)
。 

当主句和从句语义后生可畏致时,用as教导;反之,用which来引导非约束性定语从句;当非限制定语从句为否定意义时,常用which指点。比如:

("with+复合宾语"结构,在句中作定语)

  1. Workhard, _____ you’ll fall behind your classmates.

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

③ 在蕴藏advice, order, demand, proposal(提出), requirement,
suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可归纳。

例如:

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他注明他不会投降。 

(6)状语从句被用于重申协会中

①用于the same...as结构中

This isthe reason_______ he is late today.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
小编梦想知道这些难题的答案。(缺憾不领会。) 

④涉及代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数如故用复数应由先行词决定。比方:

例如: With the boy leading the way,we found he house easily.

3.准则状语从句

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教我们克罗地亚语的足够女孩啊?

低头状语从句: no matter who/whom/what/which/how/when/where, though,
although, as, even if /even though, whatever, whoever, however,
wherever, whenever等。

I am not so strong a man as I was.

which\that\省略

  1.as...as.。。引导的相比较级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被相比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像你同样学习努力。

(3)从句中的语序

例 如:

who\whom\that\省略

  ⑵代表对过去场所包车型地铁伪造:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

(with+名词+形容词,作陪伴状语)

----_____ you told me you would. What’shappening?

  语法知识点2

② 一视同仁句的分类

且看它们有多种要,看图别看作者:

a.after b. since c. until d. when

  语法知识点3

三。复习要点

而独立主格结构未有with或without指引,结构严密,名词前可用可不要修饰语。在句句法功用上,with结构能够作定语,独立主格结构则不可能;独立主格结构常常在句中作状语,但也得以作主语,而with结构则不可能。

a. that b. if c. what d. when

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

(2) 名词性从句的连接词

(2)He was watching TV while his mother was cooking.

a. But b. So c. And d. Or

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

地点状语从句:where,wherever(无论这里)。

散文结尾处有彩蛋~~不谢!

  1. 练习

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能终止。 

并称句指把八个相通首要的句子连接在合营,句子之间常用and, not only…but
also…, neither…nor…, then等并称连词连接。

  1. 在with结构中,第一片段为人称代词时,则该用宾格代词。

1) when 在句中作状语,表示时间。

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This is the best coffee maker that I have ever been made。

因为下过雨,空气比较安适。

a. assoon as b. so that c. before d. while

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

(5)使用定语从句时需注意的多少个难题

1) It’s a waste of time waiting here. 在这里处等是浪费时间。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  1. 宾语从句:平时难点句做宾语,引入if或whether

粗略句只有二个主语或并列主语和一个谓语或并列谓语。并列句由并列连词and,
but,
or,so等)或分集团(;)把五个或八个以上的大概句连在一齐构成。复合句:含有二个或贰个以上从句的语句。复合句满含:状语从句\名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)和定语从句等三种。

例如:

a. if b. so c. because d. until

  4. If虚构条件句

①超过行词为人时用who
作主语,whom作宾语;②超过行词为物或任何句未时用which,可作主语或宾语;③先行词为人、物时用that
,可作主语或宾语;④ whose用作定语,可指人或物;⑤
关系副词when指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语;⑥where(指地方,在定语从句中作地点状语);why指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语。

当这一个动词用于被动语态时,作宾语补足语的动词-ing情势就相应形成了主语补足语。

The soup tastes nice.

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

标准化状语从句: if, unless, as/so long as(若是;只要),in case (万后生可畏);
on condition that(借使), suppose, supposing, providing, provide。

  1. 表示动作(主动的、实行的动作)。

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

So successful was her business that Marie was able to set up new
branches elsewhere.

(with+名词+副词,作时间状语)

  1. 表示选取事关和否定条件的有or(依然,不然)

  ⑴代表对未来景色的伪造:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的一瞑不视式用were.   

He made a long speech, as we expected。

  1. 在keep, find, notice, have, feel, hear, see,
    leave...等动词后常用Ving方式作宾语补足语。 举个例子:

Thebuilding ___________is being built will be used as a
hospital.(指物作主语)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。大家越惊惶艰难,困难就能够变得越强盛。

状语从句普通修饰主句的动词或任何句子,由附属连词指引,从属连词在从句中不担当句子成分。依照状语从句所发挥的不及含义和成效,可分为时间、地方、原因、条件、目标、结果、退让、相比较、形式等状语从句。

(2)as单独辅导定语从句
as单独教导定语从句时,先行词能够是七个词,也足以是八个句子或短语。

The traffic had to stop ______ _______ the_______
snow.

图片 1
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Once I get him a job, he’ll be fine。

下边分别比如:

  1. Mr.Brown knows little Japanese, ______ he can’t understand the
    instructions on thebottle of the pills.

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(2)定语从句的涉及代词和涉及副词

a sleeping child 入梦的儿女

whose

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

(3) It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。常见的动词有advise, order, propose,
request, suggest, demand, require等。

例如:

在法规状语从句中,常用的引导词有if, unless等。

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  独有那位女子知道哪些解那道题。

Mr Smith is the only foreigner teacher that he knows。

那正是建那座工厂的安插。

I want to know when the train left.

  7. 缘由状从:for的用法。由because
引导的从句要是身处句末,且前边有逗号,则能够用并列连词 for
来代表。但生机勃勃旦不是印证直接原因,而是二种景观再说预计,就只可以用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他几日前没来,因为她害病了。

Such machines as are used in our workshop are made in Germany。

例如:

英文简单句、并列句、复合句深入分析

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 独资化的亮点在于能推动互相角逐。

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

as,because,since都足以代表因果关系,连接原因状语从句,含义是"因为,由于"。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since
的不一样之处在于,now that
引出的必得是叁个新面世的实际或状态,假诺如故依然,和过去对照并未变化,则毫不
now that 指导。

①约束性定语从句:从句与主句关系紧凑,去掉从句,主句意义不完全,以致不合逻辑。比如:I
was the only person in our office who was
invited。(去掉定语从句,句意就缺损)

He came to China as a tourist five years ago.

He ran asfast as Mike.

  You are a student, so am I。

③在hardly/scarcely...when..., no
sooner...than.。.句式中,把hardly/scarcely/no
sooner置于句首时,第贰个分句采纳局地倒装语序,即把第二个分句用陈说语序。比方:

他停下来讲话。

  1. ----Can you tell me _____?

  10. 不定式:不定式做目标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

第十三讲 轻易句、并列句和复合句

诸如: The teacher criticized the student who had broken the window.
先生钻探了打破窗户的学子。

作定语

(2) It is +名词+that…句型。常见的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion,
proposal(提议,提议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

二、动词ing方式的用法

a. so that b. when c. because d. until

状语从句作为被重申有个别用于重申协会时,后生可畏律用It is/was
…that…,无法用when代替that。句子用汇报语序。注意:当重申Not until
+时间/时间状语时,主句的谓语动词不再行使倒装语序。举个例子:It was not until
the war was over that the soldier was able to return home。

1.as用作连词引导时刻状语从句

(2) 日常以下三种景况提到代词只好用that而不能用which.

⑤ 在the
+比较级the+相比较级句式中,只是把形容词或副词置于句首,句子如故选取陈说语序。譬喻:Education
is about learning and the more you learn, the more equipped for life you
are。

不定式作定语: 用不定式作定语,其不时所修饰的名词、代词有: meeting,
reason, time, way, need, right, chance, decision, wish, promise,
ability, anxiety, something, anything, nothing, anybody, somebody,
thing...

2) that后的句子是确定句。常用enough to 举行转移。

(4)约束性定语从句与非约束性定语从句的区分

(2) To shut your eyes to facts, as many of you do, is foolish.

  1. Benasked me ______ I had read the news in today’s newspaper.

① 句子连串二种分类法

出于这种情势是由动词变化而来的,因而它具有动词的某个表征,就可以带本身的宾语和状语,进而结成动词
-ing短语。它有的时候态和语态的生成,也是有否定格局及其复合结构形式。    

  1. Theypiled the snow in one place ______ the children could make
    a snowman.

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时刻性。假如动词-ing形式所表表示的动作与谓语动词所代表的动作同一时候产生,则用平时式;要是动词-ing格局所表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作此前则应用完了式。

  1. Cathylikes comedies, _____ they’re very funny.

定语从句日常由关系代词和关联副词带领。关系代词有:who, whom, whose,
which, that, as;关系副词有:when, where,
why。关系代词和涉及副词必得放在从句之首,主句的先行词之后,起着接连几天来先行词和从句的效率,同偶尔候在从句中又担负句子成分。

5、She fell asleep with the light burning.

(3) 指引特殊疑问句,要用原本的独出机杼疑问词。

(2)连接状语从句的用语

【句型2】 There is no + 动名词    

日子状语从句的指点词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

②在insist(坚持不渝), urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令),
suggest(提出),advise(建议),recommend(建议,推荐),
request(央求,必要),
demand(供给),require(必要,须要)等动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,
should可归纳。

单个分词作定语时,放在被修饰的名词此前。

He oftenhelps others though\ although he is not rich.

a. 当现行词为 the same
+名词,such+名词时,要用关系代词as指引定语从句。比如:

本人试着又干了一次。

(3)
假如宾语从句陈说的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么时态,从句都用平常以后时。

④在句式hardly/scarcely…when…, no
sooner…than…中,第叁个分句中过去变成时,第一个分句用日常过去时。比方:She
had hardly sat down when the phone rang。

as辅导的折衷状语从句必得以局地倒装的样式现身,被倒装的黄金时代对能够是表语、状语或动词原形,though间或也用于那样的构造中,但although不可以这么用。

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

② 用which而不用
that的景况:指导非约束性定语从句;指代整个主句的意趣;用于介词 的背后+
关系代词。比如:Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be
poorly run, is now a successful business. For many cities in the world,
there is no room to spread our further, of which New York is an
example。

(1)It was snowing when he arrived at the construction site.

  1. Youwill be late ____ you hurry up.

复合句中常见接收陈诉语序。可是,在底下的两种处境下,状语从句多利用倒装语序:

翻译本领中的“五毒心法”

(1)当提到代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词要与先行词保持后生可畏致。


since引导的小运状语从句多用日常过去时,而满含since从句的主句平时用现时产生时。比方:I
haven’t met her since I left university。

CATTI三级笔译备考日记(生龙活虎):真正发轫看书前,笔者做了怎么样?

  1. 简短句只含有一个主谓结构.

  2. 多样简易句:

依照在句中的功效,名词性从句分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句二种。

To play with fire will be dangerous.(指风流倜傥有声有色动作)

Heremembers the day _______ he joined the League.

1.简短句、并列句和复合句

The book is worth reading.

  1. Because it snowed heavily, thetraffic had to stop.

④在有的代表惊叹、意志等心绪色彩的名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should
+have done”,译为“竟然,居然”。比如:

see, hear, watch, observe, notice, catch, find, listen to,look
at等感官动词。

They said that they had already finished thework.

依照句子的用途,乌Crane语的语句可分:叙述句(明确、否定)、疑问句(日常、特殊、接收、反意)、祈使句、惊叹句等各样。

万风姿洒脱Ving格局的动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作早先,日常用Ving格局的姣好时态。

8.相比较状语从句

试验大纲须求考生能正确推断句子的类型、剖判句子结构、结合语境和句意选用合适的连年词语、判别主语和从句的正确语序、妥贴选拔主句和从句谓语动词的时态。

他老妈做饭时她在看电视机。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

代表因果关系常用的连词有:so, for, therefore等。

例如: He could not finish it without me to help him.

--- I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

⑤ 在as if/though
指引的状语从句中,即便表示大器晚成种与实际相反夸张,从句多用日常过去时或过去完毕时。举例:She
stared at me as though I were a complete stranger。

大家发掘那老太太躺在床的上面。

考试的地点四 状语从句

⑤ 指导定语从句的关系副词有时能够用“介词 + which”来代替。比方:

咱们听他唱了两首歌。

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 作者的腿疼,因而小编去看医务职员。

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

固然如此他是一个男女,但她精晓该做什么。

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

(1)名词性从句分类:

That is the book written by Lu Xun. 那是周樟寿写的书。

  1. Somepeople like to play mahjong, ____ others don’t.

(3)关系代词和涉嫌副词的用法:

With her hair gone,there could be no use for them. →(Her hair was
gone.)

考试的位置五 定语从句

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